Advantages Of Langston Hughes

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1. The African-American Dream: "Let America be America again. Let it be the dream it used to be." (Hughes, "New Song" 9) According to the "Declaration of Independence" proclaimed in 1776 the democracy of the United States rests upon the fundamentals of freedom, equality and the pursuit of happiness. Imparting the precept that "all men are created equal", the "American Dream"emerges. Often being described as a national ethos, it is spreading the belief that anyone has the opportunity for prosperity and success, regardless of race or social class. The "Emancipation Proclamation" of 1863 emphasises these beliefs and promises everlasting freedom. Despite the official equalisation, especially African-Americans could not avail themselves of their rights, still facing severe restrictions and isolation in everyday life. At the beginning of the 20th century the desire for freedom and self-representation among the African-American community grows and culminates in the "Harlem Renaissance" – a cultural and intellectual movement, celebrating the African origin and developing a new black self-confidence known as the "New Negro". As one of the most important literary figures of this movement Langston…show more content…
The disadvantages and exploitation of black citizens in working life are now thematised and criticised. Exemplary for this orientation is the poem "Elevator Boy". The speaker is a young black person working in a Hotel just like Hughes did when he first arrived in Harlem in the 1920s (Henderson 294). The poetic personna is noticeably unhappy with the situation as a liftboy, but he is aware of the fact that it wouldn't be easy to find a new job, so he seems to come in terms with his workplace. Nevertheless in the last line of the poem, he suddenly decides to quit his
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