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Simulation modelling is the procedure of developing and analysing a prototype of a physical model to predict its behaviour and performance in real-world or over time. A model represents the system itself and the simulation represents the operation of the system over a specified time period. It can be used to show the effects of possible conditions and the sequence of action. Modelling and simulation helps obtaining information about how a system will perform without testing it in real life. It shows any flaws in the design and reduces potential errors with the system itself, as well the operation of it. Also, validates the safety and durability of a physical prototype. This reduces the costs and increases the quality of products and systems.
Figure 1: Interaction between model, experiment, theory and the simulation of the system.
In civil engineering, a typical process of simulation modelling includes:
1. By using a 2 dimensional (2D) or 3 dimensional (3D) tool/application, develop a virtual model of a system to represent*…show more content…*

• Simulations can often be more realistic than traditional experiments, as they allow to change the environment parameters at any stage of the design. • Analysis and simulations can be performed faster and more accurate than hand calculations and experimental testing. This allows using them for efficient analyse of different alternatives. Also, it is quicker to make decisions from using simulation applications. • Simulations set up a coherent environment that allows for integration of simulated systems in the early analysis phase with initial components to a test environment for the final system. Then, this environment can be transferred from development and testing field to training and education phases for the system.

• Simulations can often be more realistic than traditional experiments, as they allow to change the environment parameters at any stage of the design. • Analysis and simulations can be performed faster and more accurate than hand calculations and experimental testing. This allows using them for efficient analyse of different alternatives. Also, it is quicker to make decisions from using simulation applications. • Simulations set up a coherent environment that allows for integration of simulated systems in the early analysis phase with initial components to a test environment for the final system. Then, this environment can be transferred from development and testing field to training and education phases for the system.

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