Advantages Of The Abbasid Dynasty

Good Essays
Kacie Lee
AP World P.6
AP World ID #8
1. Abbasid Dynasty (202-203)
The Abbasid Dynasty was the Arabic dynasty that was created by Abu al-Abbas, who came from the family of Muhammad. His military defeated the Umayyad forces and made the Abbasid dynasty the center of authority until conquered by the Mongols. The Abbasid dynasty was equal in the sense that it did not favor the wealthy over others. It was also not a vanquishing dynasty - instead of conquering other lands, the Abbasids were able to enlarge their empire by largely self-governing Islamic power. The Abbasid dynasty used the Persian way of administering. The central power came from Baghdad, and from there, power moved to the far reaches of the kingdom. Each province had a caliph (like a governor) who put his policies into place. There were ulamas, who were people that had religious understanding and qadis who were judges. They established an official education that underlined the learning of the Quran and sharia. Ulamas and qadis were very important because they helped keep the Islamic beliefs in place. The caliphs additionally ensured that there was a military, kept the roads in condition, and created governmental agencies. However, in the Abbasid dynasty, there was internal instability and revolts weakened the realm.

2. Five Pillars of Islam (198)
The Five Pillars of Islam are the rules that Muhammad established as the cornerstone of the Islamic religion. First, Muslims have to accept Allah as
Get Access