Advantages Of The American Civil War 1861-1865

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The American Civil War: 1861-1865 On April 12, 1861 through April 8, 1865, the United States of America was in separation from the North and South, fighting for contrary reasons. In the beginning, the war was thought out to be as a short war of political conflict, but as months passed by Americans got eager to reach an end to this bloody time period. The South’s economy depended on the crops they grew such as, cotton, rice, and sugar, which encouraged the need of slavery. Up to 70 percent of their exports were to Britain and France. With the new western states entering the U.S. as Free states through popular sovereignty, and having a new party of Republicans in Congress, the South began to fear their rights of having slavery. They believed the…show more content…
They were better equipped, already having a U.S. Navy with three ready vessels, a five to two soldier ratio, twice more horses and domesticated animals, bigger industry, and higher economy. The South’s advantages were geographical and a reason to protect their land. Women had to start taking more farming responsibility with the slaves at farms, and other men roles and jobs. Abolitionist, such as Douglass, saw the war as an opening to end slavery. During the war, 500,000 slaves got the opportunity to run away to the north. Lincoln set the first attack on Manassas, Virginia on July 21, 1861. The Confederacy lost 2,000 men, while the Union had 3,000 casualties. The battle was named the 1st Battle of Bullrun for the creek that was located near the battleground. This first official battle was a Confederate victory and gave the South confidence they would win. When Ulysses S. Grant joined the battle he was quickly promoted as general on July 1861. He was well known as the “Unconditional Surrender Grant” for being a Union victory commander. Grant conquered Fort Henry on February 6, 1862 and Fort Donelson on February 11, where he captured 14,000 Confederate

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