Advantages and Disadvantages of Ngos in Development Process of Less Developed Country.

2177 Words Mar 19th, 2013 9 Pages
The term NGO (Non Governmental Organisation) seems to be deceptively simple. However it has been defined by different individuals and scholars. According to Asian Development Bank the term non-governmental organization refers to “an organization not based in government, and it is not created to earn profit”. United Nations defines it as “private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interest of poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services or undertake community development”. The first definition is over-simplistic and leaves out important aspects of why NGOs are formed. However, the United Nations definition looks complete in itself as it gives emphasis to the idea that an NGO is an agency …show more content…
They are concerned with the mobilization of resources to provide goods and services to people who need them. The service delivery role covers a very wide range of activities carried out by NGOs in fields as diverse as healthcare, micro-finance, agricultural extension, emergency relief and human rights. Service delivery work has increased as NGOs have been increasingly ‘contracted’ by governments and donors within the last two decades of governance reform and privatization to carry out specific tasks in return for payment; it has also become more prominent as increasing emphasis is given to the role of NGOs responding to man-made emergencies or natural disasters within the framework of humanitarian action. In Zambia for example, Red Cross is involved mostly in the distribution of relief services especially during natural disasters such as floods and hunger. This is as it is explained that such NGOs can easily be contracted and act fast as they have manpower and equipment as compared to government departments. So they easily respond to disaster as compared to government controlled entities.
Apart from being implementers, NGOs also act as catalyst into bring about change. The catalyst role can therefore be defined as an NGO’s ability to inspire, facilitate or contribute to improved thinking and action to promote change. This may be directed towards individuals or groups in local communities, or
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