Advantages and Disadvantages of Smaller States

1576 WordsMar 23, 20137 Pages
Does India need smaller states? By: Ashutosh Kumar Ashutosh Kumar is a professor of political science at Panjab University, Chandigarh, India The Indian ‘model’ of federalism has several marked differences from the classical federal models one finds in countries like the United States, Canada, and Australia. One notable difference has been the unilateral power of the union parliament to reorganize the political structure of the country by forming new states and to alter the areas, boundaries or names of existing sates. Despite having the constitutional power, overwhelming concern for nationbuilding and economic reconstruction based on the development planning model, initially dissuaded the national leadership from conceding to demands for…show more content…
In response, they want statehood with the full powers that entails SHIFT IN INDIA’S FEDERAL IDEOLOGY Three developments mark the shift in India’s federal ideology. First, regional identity, culture, and geographical differences now appear to be better recognized as valid bases for administrative division and political representation as democracy deepens and widens. Second, smaller states are being proposed on the grounds of good governance and development rather than merely on the linguistic or cultural principle was the case of the first two phases of reorganization. 3 Third, recently even dialect communities have been asking for their own ‘territorial homeland’ while underlining the cultural and literary distinctiveness and richness of the dialect (Bundelkhand). ARGUMENTS IN FAVOUR OF SMALLER STATES Does India need smaller states? Let us consider the following three arguments in favour. First, the argument that ‘small is beautiful’ does find resonance in the developmental experiences of the newly created smaller states. Factual analysis shows the development and efficiency argument does work in favour of the new states when compared with the parent states. During the tenth five-year plan period, Chhattisgarh averaged 9.2 percent growth annually compared with 4.3 percent by Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand averaged 11.1 per cent annually compared

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