Advantages and Disadvantages of the Parliamentary System.

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aThe parliamentary system is one of three most widely used democratic forms of government. It is mainly used by European countries and Commonwealth nations. The former subscribe to the West German model while the latter uses the Westminster model. It is a system whereby the Executive branch is supported either directly or indirectly by the legislative. The head of government, who leads day to day affairs of government, is separate with the head of state that has a ceremonious function. Some parliamentary nations merge the role of the president and prime minister such as South Africa where the president is also a member of parliament. Like all forms of government, there are advantages and disadvantages which shall be discussed below.
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This can be seen in the formerly war torn Lebanon where the Prime Minister is selected from the Sunni community, the Speaker from the Shia community and the President from Catholic community.
Moreover, another advantage is the existence of a shadow cabinet in parliamentary systems. A shadows cabinet is a feature in the Westminster model. Members of the Opposition under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition will form an alternative cabinet mirroring the government’s cabinet whereby members are responsible to scrutinize and criticize the policies and actions of the government effectively, as well as offering an alternative policy. They provide a form of checks and balance to the ruling party and give the public an idea of what the potential government might look like. Examples include the shadow cabinet of the UK, Canada, Romania, Thailand and Australia.
Likewise this leads to a shorter campaign period. Parliamentary elections are based more on party ideology, principles and manifesto and less focused on the individuals and personalities that can be found in the presidential systems in the US and Venezuela. The major parties will already have their leaders in Parliament, either as Prime minister or the Leader of the Opposition. The public can be reasonably assured that the members of the Shadow cabinet would become the actual cabinet if the party wins and are exposed to the
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