Advocacy For Management Of Diabetes

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ADVOCACY FOR MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES
Introduction
Diabetes mellitus is defined as a condition characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from the body 's inability to use blood glucose for energy (American Diabetes Association, 2015). The different types of diabetes are the following: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, diabetes mellitus associated with other conditions or syndrome, and prediabetes. Prediabetes is a situation where a person has a blood sugar level higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. However, this person has a higher risk for developing Type 2 diabetes if early intervention is not done. Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy. The most prevalent out these types of diabetes are Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune disorder that develops when the immune system attacks and destroys the cell that produce insulin (Taggart Coates & Truesdale-Kennedy, 2013). It is not inherited but some people are genetically predisposed to have it. Its onset is acute and usually occurs before age 30. However, Type 2 diabetes is caused when the body fails to produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level, or when the body is unable to effectively use the insulin that is produced (Taggart Coates & Truesdale-Kennedy, 2013). It is a progressive disease with the age of onset of over age 30, and in the people who ae obese.
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