Affective Norms For English Words

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Materials Stimuli: A total of 90 words: 30 negative, 30 neutral, and 30 positive nouns selected from affective norms for English words (ANEW) (Bradley & Lang, 1999). Words that had an affective rating below 4.0 (based off a 9-point scale) would be eligible for the negative noun category, between 4.0-6.0 for neutral, and above 6.0 for positive. Additional criteria that was used for word selection was the average length of the word and word frequency. The lists were made sure to not differ significantly in the criteria. Within each group the words were organized in six different sets containing 6 words each, balanced on mean word length and frequency. A list of 14 filler words of neutral value to make 7 pairs were selected for use in the TNT…show more content…
Participants were offered the chance to ask any questions for clarification before each phase to ensure the task was understood. In the first phase of studying, the participants study neutral cue word response word pairs (e.g. LAMP-PAIN, CURTAIN-HUMOUR) and were asked to memorize for later recall. At the end of this phase the participants were tested on their knowledge of cue-response pairs when they reached the final word pair in each list. In order to move to the second phase they were required a minimum criterion of 50%. Feedback was provided after the testing during the study phase. The second phase known as the think/no-think phase is when the participants are trained to suppress associated words or to respond to the neutral cue words with the associated words multiple times. Cue words that are presented in green mean that associated response should be recalled. While cue words presented in red means that you should prevent response words from coming to mind. Cues should be presented 0,2, or 12 times and some cue-responsive word pairs learned in the first phase were not presented in the TNT phase. The cue words appeared one at a time for four seconds (for young adults) or six seconds (for older adults) in either green or red letters. Different presentation rates were used for the age groups because the “think” condition takes longer for older adults compared to young adults to
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