Affirmative Action And Its Impact On Education

985 WordsApr 9, 20174 Pages
Historically, people of color have had little to no success when applying to universities until recently. The first-time minorities became a part of the American social system was after President Kennedy passed the executive order of Affirmative Action, which first barred government employers from discriminating based on “race, creed, color, or national origin” (Kennedy, 1961). Overtime the use of affirmative action moved from jobs to the education system. Affirmative action in schools truly gained momentum following the Brown v. Board of Education as educational institutions began to comply with the Supreme Court’s ruling to integrate schools. When the Supreme Court ruled on education President Johnson affirmed his education commitment to…show more content…
University of Texas, 2012). During the hearing of the case, Justice Scalia sided with Fisher stating, “African-Americans [do well at] less advanced school... a slower-track school” (Fisher v. University of Texas, 2012). Justice Scalia believed that students of color should attend colleges with non-rigorous curriculum to succeed and give non-minority students an opportunity to be admitted the schools of their choice. However, Carneveal, Strohl, and Werf’s studies claim that underrepresented minority students are “three times more likely” to succeed at a selective college or university (Werf, Strohl, Carnevale, 2016). The mismatch theory is dangerous because it relies on a handful of cases to determine whether students of color are intellectually competent to attend selective higher education institutions. Supporters of affirmative action believe that the executive order has slowly closed the race gap when it comes to the demographics of colleges and universities. To defend affirmative action Justice Harry Blackman wrote “[To] get beyond racism, we must first take account of race” (Berdahl, 2000). Since 1994, black enrollment has doubled at colleges and universities. In 2013, African American students accounted for 16 percent of their student body, versus 11 percent in 1994 (McGill, 2014). Affirmative action has
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