Affirmative Action: The Discriminatory Effect Essay example

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Throughout history, people have been categorized into different groups. These groupings were based on certain characteristics people shared, whether it was their ethnicity, race, gender, or religion. Society is notorious for distinguishing among different groups and favoring one or two of them. Undoubtedly, this separation of peoples, led to increased tension between various groups. As time progressed, the conflicts intensified, and it became apparent that a change was necessary. At this time, places all around the world began experiencing revolutions of people that were working towards earning their rights. Consequently, governments around the globe began enacting a system of affirmative action, in other words, a system that would give…show more content…
They only received this advantage because of what racial, ethnical, or gender group they belonged to; the focus on merit dwindled as affirmative action changed over time (Hanmer 7-19). Consequently, the benefits of affirmative action began to become less apparent and the system began to show effects opposing the original intents. Affirmative action is a system that intends to assist minorities; however, it discriminates against these groups. Some say they feel that they were just given an advantage based on their race, and if they did not put their race or ethnicity on their application they would not have been recruited into the institution. People implementing affirmative action understand that it does establish reverse discrimination, but are willing to accept it as long as it increases diversity (Steele 37-39). In other words, they are stating that discrimination is reasonable as long as institutions can meet their racial quotas. In the present time, minority applicants are being assessed mainly based on the racial or ethnical group they belong to, and not as much due to their merit (Steele 37). “Most Americans would support what was called affirmative action back in the 1960s, programs where efforts were made by companies and colleges to go outside the mainstream in their recruiting efforts. But that's an entirely different thing from having hard and fast racial quotas--hiring people according to numbers in society” (Hanmer 9).
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