Affirmative Action in Colleges

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The competition in college admissions has increased as more emphasis is put on obtaining college college education as a way of succeeding. Although there has been a notable increase in college enrollment during the last few decades, there is a disparity in social and economical achievement between Whites and Asians, and African-Americans and Hispanics. In order to combat this gap, the Kennedy administration in 1961 instituted a policy called affirmative action aimed towards counteracting the racial and socioeconomic disadvantages that these minority groups have. Opponents of affirmative action argue that this violates the 14th Amendment, creates reverse discrimination and reinforces racial inequality. Meanwhile, the supporters of affirmative action claim that it is necessary to create equal opportunity for every person and as a way for addressing the discrimination that that has historically affected these people. While affirmative action may seem as a good solution for inequality, it should not be enforced as it only gives a false perception of equality as it creates inefficiencies in the workforce and reinforces ideas of weakness for minorities. Instead of affirmative action, solutions that would create a society where each citizen is given exactly the same rights and opportunities should be pursued. The interpretation of the 14th Amendment is one of the main issues in the debate about affirmative action. More specifically, the argument is about the interpretation of the
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