Introduction The World Health Organization (WHO) has created an agenda for 2030. Within this agenda there are seventeen sustainable developmental goals (SDG) that aim to transform our world. These goals are to be met through numerous different means, government policies, public change, non-government organizations (NGO) and a variety of
For over 2 centuries, Afghanistan has known virtually no time without war. Beginning around 326 B.C. with the conquests of Alexander the Great, to the Persians, British, Russians and most recently, America and our NATO allies, Afghanistan has been cultivated into the country that it is today through a trial by fire. Regardless of this relentless onslaught of foreign military power, the Afghan people have tirelessly defended their homeland with no outside power ever being able to subdue them completely. Following the withdrawal of the Soviet Union in 1989, the country fell into civil war, torn even further apart by fiercely dedicated tribal warlords. This power vacuum led to the rise of a group called the Taliban. Led by a one eyed man
Christopher Russell POL 355 International Relations Instructor: Clifford Keenan July 29, 2013 Introduction Afghanistan is an Islamic republic that is located near Pakistan. Kabul is the capital city and the country’s Chief of State is President Hamid Karzai. The country bears a population of 33.609 million people. It has been in war for three
In Afghanistan, the health system is in critical condition. The health care system is “characterized by inadequate infrastructure, and dilapidated facilities unevenly distributed across the country… chronic shortage of skilled health
While discrepancies in governmental data is not unusual, it is problematic when two US agencies tasked with the oversight of health care facilities and the expenditure of millions on Afghanistan medical facilities cannot agree on the location of more than 80% of the health clinics. In a country where travel is difficult, this may seem trivial but the geospatial data used to tag these facilities in the Afghanistan villages and rural areas is necessary to verify that inspections actually take place and proper money allocation happens.
The future of Afghanistan is not certain, and it will not be perfect, however, by the end of 2014 the Afghan Army will be capable enough to take on the insurgents themselves. With the International partners and NATO’s commitment, the government and people of Afghanistan can be successful. Afghanistan must provide a political system that conforms to Afghanistan cultural values and norms. In doing so, this will set up conditions in the country in which a
This documentary is about the horrible medical situation in Afghanistan. After the wars, poverty and violence are sad realities faced by the population - especially the women. They have a high mortality because of the lack of resources and education. In addition, the health system is very precarious: there are no supplies, hygiene, and most of the doctors do not have enough knowledge. With the help of the American government, some organizations, and some good professionals, as Dr. Mojadidi, some improved has been made, but there are still many problems to be solved.
The Tajiks of Afghanistan The country of Afghanistan has gone through decades of war but still has much history to it, such as the many different ethnic tribes it has. Afghanistan holds many ethnic tribes including Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, Turkmen, and many other minorities. After the Pashtuns, The Tajiks hold up 27% of the population but their way of life, their history, and their unique food makes them very different from the rest of Afghanistan.
While writing this historical narrative, I had to first find information over Afghanistan before the Soviet war. “The Atlantic” wrote about Afghanistan in the 1960’s. I learned that during this time, Afghanistan was a peaceful country and had large landscapes that weren’t damaged. Many people
Social Factors Malaria in Afghanistan is an issue for the U.S. because of the U.S. troops still fighting and living in Afghanistan. The potential for U.S. troops to be affected by malaria is high related to the routine living conditions of the Afghani public and the nearness the troops are to the local population. Decades of military conflicts have contributed to the instability in Afghanistan, abandoning the once successful malaria control program, and crumbling the public health infrastructure (Adimi et al, 2010). Population movements, because of social issues related to religious or military sects, leads to increased potential for malaria transmission. Currently, approximately 60% of the population, or nearly 14 million people, live in a malaria prevalent area (Adimi et al, 2010). The social norm in Afghanistan is, the man is the head of the household (Howard, Shafi, Jones, & Rowland 2010). As a result,
Economic Dependency The fight for control of Afghanistan’s opium economy has created a powerful entity competing for influence within an already fragile state. Worldwide drug use has led to a steady demand for Afghanistan’s opium and heroin production. The benefits for those involved including workers and farmers who produce the opium to the warlords, commanders, and international traffickers who control its movement, is great. Years after the fall of the Taliban government, some argue that the rebellion is no longer about religion or ideology, but about money and wealth. With almost all of the worlds opium production in Afghanistan most is cultivated in a small areas of southern provinces near the Iranian and Pakistani border, Kandahar,
Firstly, when it comes to the relationship between health inequality and economic wellbeing, health inequality is influenced by low-income groups and poverty is one reason why patients do not seek medical care. In Mongolia, there are some reasons causing people to die. Firstly, some medical services cannot be delivered at the time, because of the mountains terrain. Health service delivery is challenging due to insufficient funding. Secondly, there are not enough professional doctors, so many patients cannot be treated well. Therefore, money is playing an essential role in
Over the last decade, Pakistan has faced its share of disasters; both natural and artificial. It was struck by a massive earthquake in 2005 and continues to be fixed with religious and militant groups in its northern regions. Compromised regions of security make health care access problematic. Pakistan 's population will also be a future concern for health care delivery. A consistently high population growth rate exceeding 2% annually has led to Pakistan being quite a young nation with over 35% of its population being under the age of 14 years old. A key health indicator that was a focus for Pakistan is its infant mortality rate which has failed to remain on target with the Millennium Development Goals. In fact, the last accurate data for IMR was in 2007 with 63 deaths
AN OVERVIEW OF THE PAKISTANTI HEALTH CARE DELIVERY Pakistan, like many international countries, contains a plethora of healthcare delivery complications when providing services to its citizens. This is immensely concerning for the international community because Pakistan is the 5th most populous country in the world, and the largest land mass in
One of the most densely populated developing countries in the world is the South-Asian country of Pakistan. According to data collected by the World Health Organization in 2015, Pakistan has an estimated population of over 189 million, with a steady rate of growth of around 2% per year (1). Females in Pakistan are expected to live till 67.5 years, while males trail shortly behind at 65.5 years. The literacy rate, which is amongst the lower end of the worldwide literacy scale sits at 58% for both, women and men who are in the age range of 15-24 years. In the realm of health, Pakistan is affected by various outbreaks including, but not limited to hepatitis A and B, HIV, measles, polio and typhoid. However, one of the leading epidemics in the country is malaria; a reported number of annual cases of over 3.7 million and incidence of 1.1 per 1,000 people. The climate in the country changes throughout the year from tropical to temperate along with dry conditions along the southern coast. (2) Malaria is typically unstable and the major transmission period is usually from the months of August to November, which is the post-monsoon season (3). Figure 1, shows that only 3.8% of the population in Pakistan is not considered at risk for malaria. In 2009, the Pakistani government announced that malaria control will be one of the top priorities in the National Health Policy.