Afghanistan Is Like A Goat On Which The Lion And The Bear Have Both Fixed Their Eyes?

1466 Words Oct 31st, 2014 6 Pages
Afghanistan , a buffer state between two super powers in the first half of 20th century, was pulled into war during the latter half, first against the USSR and then against the local rival groups or militias. The 21st century yet again brought this country into another conflict. This time it was the West led by the Americans and their puppet Pakistan, the former allies in driving out Russia from Afghanistan.
The traditional buffer state of Afghanistan, due to its location at the cross roads of Asia and tri junction of three strategic regions, and its trade route linking and branching out to Central, West and South Asia has earned an attractive spot in the eyes of the world powers. This prompted Amir Abdur Rehman to remark, “Afghanistan is like a goat on which the lion and the bear have both fixed their eyes”. The emergence of new Central Asian States along Afghanistan’s border has added new dimensions to its geo-strategic location. It is generally believed that these states have huge untapped reserves of oil and gas. The world is eyeing these potential energy sources to fulfil its future needs. Afghanistan can provide the much needed energy corridor for the southern flow of this energy.
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 came as a strategic challenge to the United States, and Washington made every effort to make Moscow’s expedition as costly as possible. Already there were groups and organizations struggling against the growing communist influence in Afghanistan. It…
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