Africa Is Not War Or Terrorism?

Decent Essays
Africa is a continent that has many countries, resources, culture and diversity. However, for the past 50 years there is a huge conflict that threatens all of Africa. It is not war or terrorism, it is in the environment. To start off, the Sahel is spans 5,400 km/ 3,360 mi from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea in the east. The belt varies from several hundred to a thousand kilometers (620 miles) in width, covering an area of 3,053,200 sq km/ 1,178,850 sq mi). The Sahel is known as the transitional region of semi-arid grasslands, savannas, steppes, and thorn shrub lands lying between the wooded Sudanian savanna to the south and the Sahara to the north. Some of the countries that it the Sahel captures are northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, central Mali, northern Burkina Faso, extreme south of Algeria, Niger, extreme north of Nigeria, central Chad, central and southern Sudan, and northern Eritrea. The climate is typically hot, sunny, dry and somewhat windy all year long. The Sahel 's climate is mainly affected by the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). The zone at at the thermal equator is where the trade winds meet. The low pressure belts then and migrates with the changing position of the thermal equator. Because of this there is a huge lack of rainfall, in place like Gao, Mali the rainfall is just 200 mm per year! With the air mass and lack of rain (pattern is very irregular from season to season) will continue to cause desertification of Sahel and
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