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African American Female Adolescents: A Summary

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Summary
The purpose of the Research is to explore the relationship between ethnic identity’s relationship between Chlamydia and Gonorrhea and its infections among detained African American female adolescents. This study pursues to answer if rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea are higher among detained females than the general population. The hypothesis of This study is that the authors believe “rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among detained adolescent females were disproportionately higher when compared to their community counterparts” (Centers for Disease Control, 2012a). This is a very informative topic because as stated in this article, in the general population, African American females bear the highest burden of STIs compared
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This was noted as an important topic because for racial minorities, strong ethnic identity is an important protective factor in their lives. Simply, for highly marginalized groups, strong ethnic identity may serve as a protective factor by helping racially marginalized groups resist internalizing negative self-images and associated risk behaviors based on their racial membership and minority status (Sellers, Caldwell, Schmeelk-Cone, & Zimmerman, 2003). Researchers felt that this study was important because many studies have previously examined whether ethnic identity is related to self-reported sexual risk behaviors. For instance, among a sample of mostly adult African American, Latino, and Asian/Pacific Islander gay males, no relationship was found between ethnic identity and risky sexual behaviors (Chng & Gelia-Vargas, 2000). Also, prior investigations have determined that higher ethnic identity was associated with a lower number of unsafe sexual acts during the past four months among African American women (Beadnell et al.,…show more content…
But the finding does suggest that the interpretation of strong ethnic identity may not necessarily be positive for some youth, especially those who are troubled and more likely to come into contact with juvenile justice programs. It is important to note that a significant portion of this studies participants lived in low income and communities. Although the study controlled for socioeconomic status and initiates significant results for cultural identity above and beyond income, the effects of living in poorly resourced communities and its impact on STIs cannot be overstated. Additionally, longitudinal findings have documented that perceived racial discrimination is linked to negative self-concepts (Seatin et al., 2009). Although not assessed in this study, future research should examine whether racial discrimination may mediate the relationship between ethnic identity and STIs. Similarly, other researchers have speculated that the inclusion of factors such as self-esteem, attitudes, normative influences, health beliefs, and social supports are important factors that might illuminate the relationship between ethnic identity and risk outcomes (Beadnell et al., 2003). As stated before in the procedure portion, It is clear that more research of females within the age group of 14-18 is a need to be conducted to determine if racial discrimination is linked to ethnicity
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