African American Integration and Independence

2018 WordsJul 7, 20189 Pages
Integration and Independence In the latter half of 1885 several European empires gathered together for a conference in Berlin. At this meeting of utmost importance, the various European powers laid claim to their African colonial territories, thus dividing the continent like a birthday cake among themselves. The new boundaries now united thousands of cultures, nations and ethnicities under the banner of white ethno-centricity. Thus began the final colonial dominion of Europe which would last well into the 20th century. Although the white minority has relinquished it?s stranglehold on Africa, the ramifications of hundreds of years of political dominion can be found throughout the continent. In 1962 during the heat of these…show more content…
A textbook story during the fight for independence took place in the colony of the Gold Coast, now the nation of Ghana. As part of British West Africa this colony supplied her mother country with diamonds, wood, land and of course gold. In 1949, American educated Kwame Nkrumah and three colleagues formed the Convention People?s Party with the intent of overthrowing British rule through demonstrations and electing party members to positions of political power. In the Gold Coast, unlike other colonies, Britain had allowed blacks to vote and hold political office. During the fifties Britain had viewed the Gold Coast as an ?experiment? in African Independence (Vansina 526). Already in Europe political pressure was forcing the various governments to rethink their positions in Africa. In 1951, because of this loosened imperial grip Nkrumah and his CPP overwhelmingly controlled the government with Africans holding eight of the eleven cabinet positions, and the Prime Ministers seat held by Nkrumah himself. However a British governor still held the final jurisdiction in governing matters of the colony throughout the 1950?s. Eventually in 1957 Britain relinquished its? colonial rule on the Gold Coast and the nation renamed itself Ghana; Nkrumah assumed the role as the nation?s first president. On May 15, 1951 an article written by a certain William S. White aired
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