African Americans During The Civil War

1423 Words6 Pages
African Americans were a very important addition to the American Civil War such as fighting and spying for both the north and the south sides. The American Civil War was a war fought in the United States between the North and South states. The war was from 1861-1865 and was because the South wanted to establish itself as a separate nation. The northern states were called the Union and the southern states were called the Confederate. Between the north and south states were the Border States, which did not belong to either of the sides. The Border States included Maryland, Delaware, West Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri. In the north, slavery did not exist but the south was the opposite. In the war, the north and south states fought against each other while the Border States were neutral. Before the war and during the war, African Americans were treated very unfairly compared to white people. This essay will examine how African Americans were treated before, during and after the Civil War. Before the Civil War, African Americans were not treated fairly, but what exactly was their role? In the North and South, African Americans had different roles. In the North, slavery was illegal but African Americans still did not have the same rights as white people. African Americans (if they were free) could get jobs and have their own life but they got many disadvantages. Some of these were not getting as much money as white people in jobs, being prohibited to learn how to read or write,
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