African Americans Played a Key Role in Vietnam War Essay

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Thesis: African Americans played a key role in Vietnam War and, in the process, changed the complexion of the U.S. Armed Forces
I. African Americans involves in the army
a. Irregular percentage of African Americans drafted in the military
b. The role of blacks in the Army
c. The Vietnam War as a genocide
II. Discrimination Issues
a. Armed Forces dominated by whites
b. Personal racism
c. Racist practices against blacks
d. African Americans in combat
III. Black Women in the Armed Forces
a. Segregation in working areas
b. Black women and their assignments
IV. The Black Power
a. Response to racism
b. The new black culture
c. Black’s own terminology
V. Consequences of Black response
a. Banned
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During American involvement in the war, African Americans were listed and reenlisted on the military draft at higher rates than any other nationalities including whites and Latin-Americans (Westheider 9). As a result, more African Americans than any othe r minority fought and died in combat. In addition, they constantly faced racism. One militant protested forcefully against the unfair conditions: “You should see for yourself how the black man is being treated over here and the ay we are dying. When it comes to rank, we are left out. When it comes to special privileges, we are left out. When it comes to patrols, perataions and so forth, we are first” (Gallagher). According to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., black youths represented an unequal share of early draftees and faced a significantly higher chance of seeing combat. “Rumors abounded that the U.S. government were using the Vietnam War as a form of genocide. Money was being pumped into Vietnam instead of poor black communities in America” (Gallegher). Blacks had to deal with many discrimination issues throughout their experiences in Vietnam. “The armed forces were dominated and controlled by whites, and more often than not the cultural needs of African American were ignored” (Young 339). Dr. King described the Vietnam War as racist stating: “ a white man’s war, a black man’s fight”. However, personal racism was the most noticeable, as stated by James E. Westheider.
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