African Countries And The Quality Of Governance

1731 WordsNov 20, 20167 Pages
One of the biggest problems facing most African countries and impeding their development is the quality of governance. In most cases, the quality of governance is considered as “poor” or “bad”. How bad or how poor? Perhaps following conclusions from the aggregation of scores and percentiles for different governance indicators set by organizations such as the World Bank (Kaufmann & Mastruzzi, 2011), Transparency International and Mo Ibrahim Foundation. It is not ideal to hear of good governance in Sub-Saharan Africa. The region is characterized by wide spread corruption and political instability, especially in francophone countries. The persistence of relatively poor governance in Cameroon, which, unlike some sub-Saharan African countries, have ‘technically’ had no major conflict or civil war or political turbulence calls for probing. It raises questions of whether a country with such ethnic diversity as Cameroon (over 240 ethnic groups, according to the website of the Office of the Prime Minister), historically constructed by colonialism, and cursed by its own resources (crude oil, natural gas and petroleum reserves, gold, iron, diamond) can have, enjoy and sustain good governance. At large, we aim at uncovering why bad/poor governance is persistent in Cameroon? In this paper, we address this question through the exploration of scholarly literature, anecdotal evidence and data about the effects of the availability of resources, the dual heritage of French and British
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