African Elephants ( Loxadonta Africana ) And Amur Tigers
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African elephants (Loxadonta africana) and amur tigers (Panthera tigris altaica), despite being classed as mammals they show a great diversity, one is a carnivore and one is a herbivore. Whether in the wild or held in captivity, African elephants and tigers (like all animals) are susceptible to certain diseases, these diseases can either be bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic. Having the knowledge when an animal is in good and poor health is vital. To ensure an animal is in good health the animal needs to be in good body condition, good appetite and is relaxed. If an elephant approaches you with almost half closed, lazy eyes and its tail is slowly swishing from side to side, it is a good sign that it is relaxed (Londolozi, 2016). For a tiger, it will squint or close its eyes; this is because loosing vision lowers defence. The animals’ eyes are to be clear and bright, skin is to be soft and resilient, healthy soles and claws. However, when animals suffer from poor health, some common clinical signs to look for are, loss of appetite and weight loss. Depending on the disease, as you get closer to the animal you will notice its eyes are very dull and the mucous membranes may have changed colour. If in pain it will be restless and it might even be groaning. Depending on the disease, the animal will scour or be constipated and the passing of urine might also cease (ACS Distance Education, 2016).
Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) is a bacterial disease and is one of the most fatal