African Of The International Criminal Court

5912 Words Jun 11th, 2015 24 Pages
I. Background
A. African States Contribution in the Inception of ICC—Membership/Signatory of Rome Statue

African states have shown a strong commitment to putting an end to impunity for massive violations of humanitarian law. This commitment is shown first in domestic contexts in which African states have used their own criminal law systems to prosecute war criminals, in special tribunals such as that in Sierra Leone, and in African states ' well-established commitment to the international criminal Court. African countries have been actively involved in the establishment of the International Criminal Court and the Rome Statute more than 20 years ago, since negotiation started for the creation of the ICC. Among other African delegations, South Africa, Senegal, Lesotho, Malawi, and Tanzania participated in discussions regarding the creation of an International Criminal Court (ICC) as early as 1993 when the International Law Commission presented a draft ICC statute to the United Nations General Assembly for consideration. Prior to the diplomatic conference, African countries made efforts to adopt a common position on the establishment of the International Criminal Court. Those efforts led to different conferences and workshops like the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Regional Conference on the International Criminal Court in Pretoria in September 1997 and in June 1999. Furthermore, in the African Conference on the establishment of the International Criminal…
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