Against the Death Penalty Essay

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In the U.S. there has been a debate whether or not the death penalty should be used. It continues to be a controversial issue in the world today. Some are for the death penalty, believing that a punishment should fit the crime and it is the only necessary way to reprimand those who have committed a terrible offense. Others believe that the death penalty violates human rights and that it is inhumane, merciless, and cruel. In Kenneth Jost's article "Death Penalty Controversies", he explains that critics and adversaries of the death penalty are warning that capital trials and sentencing hearings are extremely flawed and inadequate that they risk resulting in the execution of innocent people (Jost 785). "Supporters of capital punishment …show more content…
Thought and ideas of men such as Thomas Hobbes, John Mill, Thomas Aquinas, and Pope John Paul II can be incorporated when considering and addressing this issue. Hobbes believes that all men are equal and also men can claim the same right and benefits. In Leviathan Thomas Hobbes said, "The right of nature, which writers commonly call Jus Naturale, is the liberty each man hath to use his own power as he will himself for the preservation of his own nature; that is to say, of his own life; and consequently, of doing anything which, in his own judgment and reason, he shall conceive to be the aptest means thereunto" (Hobbes 91). Hobbes believes that naturally every man has a right to everything (91). Hobbes believes that nothing is unjust in the state of nature. He says in Leviathon, "For where no covenant hath preceded, there hath no right been transferred, and every man has right to everything and consequently, no action can be unjust. But when a covenant is made, then to break it is unjust and the definition of injustice is no other than the not performance of covenant. And whatsoever is not unjust is just" (Hobbes 100). Hobbes also feels that when everyman is against everyman there is no common ground for justice to be established (100). John Paul II believed that by nature, men are endowed with "universal, inviolable, and inalienable rights" (John Paul II 1). He
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