Against the Death Penalty Essay

1533 Words 7 Pages
The Death Penalty

Human rights are fundamental rights which every human being is entitled to just because they are human.

The death penalty is the ultimate, irreversible denial of human rights. It is the cold blooded killing of a human being in the name of ‘justice’. In 1948, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; in Articles 3 and 5 it states that “no one shall be subjected to cruel or degrading punishment and everyone has the right to life and liberty”. The death penalty violates both of these fundamental rights.

The United Nations Rights Commission (UNHRC) has passed a resolution calling for all nations that continue executions, to restrict the number of
…show more content…
They are:

- The Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights aiming at abolition of the death penalty, which has now been ratified by 53 states. Nine other states have signed the Protocol, indicating their intention to become parties to it at a later date;

- Protocol No. 6 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms concerning the abolition of the death penalty, which has now been ratified by 44 European states and signed by one other; and the

- Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to Abolish the Death Penalty, which has been ratified by eight states.

Protocol No. 6 concerns the abolition of the death penalty in peacetime, whereas the other two protocols provide for the total abolition of the death penalty but allow States wishing to do so to keep the death penalty in wartime.

A recent study found African American defendants were almost 4 times more likely to receive the death penalty than people of other origins who committed similar crimes. This inequality breaches Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, “All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law”. In the
Open Document