Age of Exploration Essay 4

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The Age of Exploration was a period from the early 1400s and continuing into the early 1600s, during which European ships traveled around the world to search for new trade routes to feed growing capitalism in Europe. The most commonly sought after new trade route was to the Spice Islands, which are now the Indonesian archipelago, in southern Asia. Spices were originally brought to Western Europe by land routes, but because of a lack cargo space and extremely long travel times the prices were very high. The advantages of ships were that they had much larger cargo capacities and were faster than caravans. The obvious solution to get cheaper spices was to carry them by ships. Portugal under Henry the navigator was the first country to find…show more content…
In 1620 a group of 120 puritan pilgrims left England on the ship the Mayflower to escape religious persecution. They landed in Massachusetts Bay of the same year. Henry Hudson, an Englishman who worked for the Dutch East India Company, mapped what is now the New York area. He discovered Manhattan on September 11, 1609, and continued up the Hudson River, until he arrived at the site where New York State's capital city, Albany, now stands. The Dutch established New Amsterdam (now New York City) in 1613. The British took the city in September 1664, and renamed it "New York" after the English Duke of York and Albany. The Dutch briefly regained it in August 1673, renaming the city "New Orange," but ceded it permanently in November 1674. The French attempted to colonize the south eastern coast of what is now Jacksonville, Florida. By the 1570s they had built fort Caroline on the Saint John's River. An expedition intended to destroy the Spanish settlement at Saint Augustine failed when the invasion fleet was destroyed by a hurricane. The Survivors were captured and executed by the Spanish, and Saint Augustine stayed under Spanish control until 1819 when Florida was bought by the United States. Ferdinand Magellan, a former Portuguese officer commanding a Spanish fleet, began the first circumnavigation of the Earth in 1519. Magellan was killed Cebu in the Philippines in 1521. The two remaining ships of his expedition
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