Ageing Between China And China

1319 WordsApr 12, 20166 Pages
Ageing in China Today, both the amount of order people and the life span increase throughout the world. According to World Health Organization, in 2010, an estimated number of 524 million people were aged 65 or older, constituting 8% of the world’s population; by 2050, this number is expected to increase by 1.5 billion. The degree of ageing in China is more serious than in many other countries. China is facing a key challenge of developing widespread accessible and equitable health systems to satisfy the demands of the accelerating older population. In China, people aged over 65 constituted 5.5% of the population in 1990; by 2025, this will increase to 13.3% of the total population; and by 2050, the population aged 65 years and older will exceed 114 million and account for 23% of the total population, making China one of the most aged societies (Woo et al., 2002). The population is ageing dramatically in most societies including developing countries is the result of declining fertility and mortality (Lutz et al. 2008). In China, between 1950 and 2015, the overall fertility rate per woman declined from 6.11 to 1.66 due to the one child policy in 1979. In terms of mortality, the total mortality rate decline from 22.2 to 7.2 per 10,000 population over the same time, contributing to a steady rise in life expectancy (WHO, 2015). Life expectancy at birth has risen from 44.6 years in 1950 to 75.3 years in 2015, and is likely to be at 80 years by 2050 (UNDESA, 2013a). One key
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