Agency Structure Essay

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Agency Structure
The purpose of this paper is to provide the functional federal budget classifications for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Coast Guard, and U.S. Secret Service and identify each agency as an executive department or independent agency. Furthermore, provide the appropriate subcommittee for budget requests and give a brief agency history. Additionally, provide the U.S. Secret Services proposed and actual budget authority and outlays for a recent year.
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers history dates back to 1775 after George Washington appointed the first engineer. However, the agency's creation as a separate entity did not occur until 1802. Subsequently
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However, "Congress originally empowered it to create and sustain family farms in the West as well as to provide economic assistance to a region where investment capital had dried up during the depression of the 1890s" (Pisani, 2003, p. 391). Additionally, this bureau's budget request goes to the Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development. Furthermore, agency operations fall under water resources functional classification of the federal budget.
U.S. Coast Guard
On August 4, 1790, Congress commissioned the construction of ten vessels to collect tariffs, enforce trade laws, and prevent smuggling. While this informal act is the beginning of the U.S. Coast Guard, the formal recognition was on January 28, 1915 under the Act to Create the Coast Guard, which was Public Law 239 as part of the armed services. Since the U.S. Coast Guard creation, its purpose now includes drug interdiction, search, and rescue, living marine resources, defense readiness, law enforcement, marine environmental protection, ice operations, migrant interdiction, aids to navigation, ports, waterways, and coastal security.
Additionally, the U.S. Coast Guard falls under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security during peacetime operations as an executive department. However, the U.S. Coast Guard falls under the Department of the Navy during war. This multi-purpose agency's "genuine complexity of character is a source of some political…