Agrarian Reform History

5491 WordsSep 21, 201122 Pages
Agrarian Reform History SERIES 2006 AGRARIAN REFORM HISTORY Bureau of Agrarian Reform Information and Education Agrarian Reform History Why is history of Philippine agrarian reform important? The Philippine agrarian reform history teaches us valuable lessons and insights about the past agrarian reform programs and the peasant initiatives that contributes to the evolution of the Philippine agrarian reform program from the pre-colonial times to the present administration. Pre-Colonial Times (Before 16th Century) What was the type of land ownership during the pre-Spanish time and how was it cultivated? Land was commonly owned by the community known as barangay a small unit of government consisting of 30-100 families administered by the…show more content…
The economy was opened to the world market as exporter of raw materials and importer of finished goods. The agricultural exports were mandated and hacienda system was developed as a new form of ownership. More people lost their lands and were forced to become tillers. Bureau of Agrarian Reform Information and Education Agrarian Reform History What were some of the problems encountered in the encomienda system? Abusive encomienderos collected more tributes that became the land rentals from the natives living in the area. A compras y vandalas system was practiced wherein tillers were made to compulsory sell at a very low price or surrender their agricultural harvests to Spanish authorities where encomienderos can resell it for a profit. People of the encomiendas were also required to render personal services on public and religious work and as a household help to the encomienderos. Why was the ownership of land limited to only few families? The Spanish crown made a law in 1865 ordering landholders to register their landholdings. Only those who were aware of these decrees benefited. Ancestral lands were claimed and registered in other in other people’s names (Spanish officials, inquilinos and caciques or local chieftains). As a result, many peasant families were driven out from the lands they have been cultivating for centuries or were forced to become tillers. What laws required the registration of properties/agricultural lands?
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