Agrarian Reforms of the Presidents of Thephilippines

2893 Words Aug 8th, 2013 12 Pages
WHAT ARE THE AGRARIAN REFORMS/PROGRAMS OF THE 15 PRESIDENTS OF THE PHILIPPINES?

1. EMILIO AGUINALDO
• No agrarian-related reform or law was passed during the Aguinaldo administration.

2. MANUEL QUEZON
• Act No. 4054 (Rice Share Tenancy Act of 1933.) This is the first law on crop-sharing which legalized the 50-50 share between landlord and tenant. However problems of land tenure continued. In fact these became worse in certain areas.
• Republic Act No. 1946 likewise known as the Tenant Act which provided for a 70–30 sharing arrangements and regulated share-tenancy contracts. It was passed to resolve the ongoing peasant unrest in Central Luzon.

3. JOSE LAUREL
• During Laurel's term as the President, hunger was the main worry. Prices
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• Reparation Agreement. An agreement between Japan and the Philippines to pay the latter five hundred fifty million U.S. dollars ($550,000) as payment for the war damages of World War II.
• Bell Trade Act of 1946 into the Laurel-Langley Agreement. It eradicated the authority of the United States to have control over the exchange rate of the Philippines peso, parity privileges reciprocal, extended the sugar quota. This agreement retained the economic subservience between the U.S. and the Philippines.
• Agricultural Commodities Agreement with the U.S. (1957). Perpetuating the colonial pattern of the nation’s economy.
• Anti-subversion Law. Law that limited the citizen’s democratic rights of assembly, free speech, and belief.
• Republic Act No. 1160 (NARRA Law) to further implement the free distribution of agricultural lands of the public domain as provided for in commonwealth act numbered six hundred and ninety-one, it abolished the Land Settlement Development Corporation (LASEDECO) and created in its place the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA). The NARRA was established in order to hasten free distribution of agricultural lands of the public domain to landless tenants and farmworkers. It was particularly aimed at the peasant base of the HUK movement (Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon – HUKBALAHAP). It was successful in attracting farmers-turned-rebels to a peaceful life by giving them home lots and farms in NARRA

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