Agreeableness And The Facet Of Sensation Seeking : Clinical Considerations For Young Adults And Alcohol Use

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Extraversion and the Facet of Sensation Seeking: Clinical Considerations for Young Adults and Alcohol Use Introduction Hemingway (1964) wrote in A Moveable Feast, “In Europe then we thought of wine as something healthy and normal as food and also as a great giver of happiness and well-being and delight” (p. 142). Numerous pieces of literature are ripe with references to alcohol and drinking. As a young Ernest Hemingway sat for hours in Parisian cafés and bars, he would drink and socialize among other artists and writers. In searching for new experiences and inspiration through the evocative sights and heavy consumption of alcohol, Hemingway and many of his young expatriate cohorts were labeled as the “lost generation.” This group of young…show more content…
free diving, paragliding, rock climbing) rated higher for levels of extraversion and openness to experience on the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R), a 240-item questionnaire that asks specific questions regarding feelings, preferences, and social behavior. The widely used NEO-PI-R assesses individual levels of each of the five broad personality domains (Costa & McCrae, 2008). The questionnaire specifies that extraversion is further comprised of six facets, which are more specific subsets of the Big Five domains. These facets are: warmth, gregariousness, assertiveness, activity, positive emotions, and sensation seeking (Costa & McCrae, 1992). In particular, the facet of sensation seeking encompasses the risk-taking dimension of extraversion. The Sensation Seeking Facet of Extraversion Sensation seeking refers to the inclination to seek out novel sensations and experiences. Sensation seekers are characterized by their desire to take personal, social, and physical risks in the pursuit of excitement. For example, sensation seekers may be more inclined to participate in risky and addicting activities (e.g. gambling and problematic substance use). Generally, facet-level traits like sensation seeking have been shown to correlate more strongly with certain behaviors as compared to the larger Big Five domains (Markon et al., 2005). The predictive power of sensation seeking as a facet is especially clear in studies

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