Agricultural Genetic Engineering : A Vital Biotechnological Tool

1572 Words Apr 1st, 2016 7 Pages
Agricultural Genetic Engineering; A Vital Biotechnological Tool

Fascinating times we are currently living in. A rapid, consistently growing population creating gross demands for food is pushing our resources to capacity. Fulfilling the needs of the world 's population is a monumental task. Limited arable land to cultivate and an ever changing climate has led to environmental degradation. At this rate of exponential human population growth, it is predicted to reach 9 billion people by 2050, however, “it is uncertain whether current agricultural practices will be able to feed the world” at that stage of growth. In the 1970s pioneering biotechnologies began paving the way to providing solutions to supply the world 's food demands, accelerating agricultural industrial performance. Genetic engineering (GE), a vital biotechnological tool, provides possibilities that cannot be obtained from conventional plant breeding. GE is used to transfer characteristics, modify the genomes makeup, producing desired transgenic phenotypes not seen in the wild-type plant. GE has generated transgenic lines with improved nutrient quality, enhanced antibodies and vaccines, biofuel production, increased resistance to abiotic stress, insects, herbicides and diseases with appropriate safety measures for consumption. In this essay, I am going to go into detail into two important issues, herbicide resistance, insect and disease resistance that have been greatly resolved through biotechnology allowing…

More about Agricultural Genetic Engineering : A Vital Biotechnological Tool

Open Document