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Zambia’s agriculture has the potential of enhancing economic growth and reducing poverty. Good agricultural policies and a well performing agricultural sector translates into significant improvements in the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), employment generation, and broadens the country’s tax base since the livelihoods of the majority of Zambians depend on agricultural-related activities such as farming. The sector, if well developed, should contribute significantly to welfare improvement. In the colonial period, the government paid particular attention to provinces which were accessible by railways and also to large estate farmers within these provinces. After independence, attempts were made to redress the imbalance between…show more content…
In other words, even if the exchange rate had not been controlled, domestic price controls still rose the terms of trade heavily against farmers.

Another policy consideration which was introduced by government was to encourage the establishment of cooperatives at the village level and to form an umbrella organization of the cooperatives at the national level.

According to Tadora (2006:470), another policy that the government considered was the emergency of the rural society based on peasant mass participation. The basic viable input in Africa is agriculture farming and village labour. This is due to the importance of subsistence farming in the village community, the existence of some land in excess of immediate requirements, which permits a general practice of shifting cultivation and reduces the value of land ownership as an instrument of economic and political power, and the rights of each family (both nuclear and extended) in a village to have access to land and water in the immediate territory vicinity, excluding from such access use by families that do not belong to the community even though they may be of the same tribe.

However, even with introduction of peasant masses, the rural areas of Zambia continue to be poverty-stricken, and food production on a larger scale faces severe constraints, which includes lack of production assets and inputs, limited irrigation infrastructure and missing governmental extension
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