Essay Agriculture in The rural areas of Madhya Pradesh

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Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state of India comprising of fifty districts spread across eleven agro- climatic zones. The rural areas of Madhya Pradesh are primarily dependent on climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture making them highly vulnerable to impacts of climate change. As of 2011, the total population of the state stands at 72.6 million with 72.3% being rural. The rural population heavily relies on primary sectors like agriculture, horticulture, fishery, livestock, poultry and forestry for livelihood. Due to climate change, these natural-resource based livelihood sources are expected to be impacted more than the other sectors. Water is a critical resource in the state because several regions such as Bundelkhand …show more content…
Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state of India comprising of fifty districts spread across eleven agro- climatic zones. The rural areas of Madhya Pradesh are primarily dependent on climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture making them highly vulnerable to impacts of climate change. As of 2011, the total population of the state stands at 72.6 million with 72.3% being rural. The rural population heavily relies on primary sectors like agriculture, horticulture, fishery, livestock, poultry and forestry for livelihood. Due to climate change, these natural-resource based livelihood sources are expected to be impacted more than the other sectors. Water is a critical resource in the state because several regions such as Bundelkhand suffer the dual challenges of scanty rainfalls and high run-off rates. The state is drained by rain-fed rivers and receives 1160 mm average rainfall annually (MP Resource Atlas 2007, MPCST). The climate data analyzed by IITM Pune indicates a declining trend for rainfall over the state of MP from 1901 to 2000. The water availability in the state has been declining. Thus, the dependence on dwindling rain for the rejuvenation of water resources makes the state highly susceptible to the variations in the distribution and pattern of rain. This irregular pattern eventually influences groundwater resources. Already, the groundwater extraction is unsustainable (for reasons such as highly subsidised electricity and diesel based pump sets) which increases

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