Aid to Africa: A Review of the Efficacy of International Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa

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Despite the hundreds of billions of dollars that have been poured into Sub-Saharan Africa over the past century in an effort to propel development, Africa remains by far the poorest continent in the world. Failure has arisen from the problematic nature of the administration of the aid. Traditionally, aid has come in the form of military aid, and large international financial transactions. Although these forms of aid have overall failing track records, targeted developmental assistance has been historically successful. In order to pull Africa out of poverty, the international community should focus on targeted developmental assistance. Military Aid Recent military conflicts have broken out all across northern Africa and the sub-Saharan…show more content…
The conflict in Mali originated from ethnic tensions between the Northern Tuareg rebels, and the Southern Malians who had long controlled the country’s politics. The Tuaregs in collaboration with several Islamist extremist factions e.g. Ansar Al-Dine, Ansar Al-Sharia, and AQIM, formed the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad (MNLA), and seized control of Northern Mali. Once Northern Mali had been compromised, some Islamist extremist factions began implementing harsh Muslim Sharia Law. In response to this, the Tuaregs joined forces with the Malian army and the international coalition to retake Northern Mali. “France deployed a powerful military force in Mali...that easily pounded the separatist rebels and Islamist extremists into hasty retreat....By the end of January 2013 the military objectives of Operation Serval had been achieved” (Francis 6). Though the conflict in Northern Mali is far from over, the French intervention in Mali was decisively successful, showing that targeted military aid to counter extremist pressure can be an essential first step to stabilizing the region to allow economic and political development. But not all military aid has been so successful. In many cases, military aid has exacerbated instability by inadvertently empowering antagonistic factions. The Malian conflict was a spillover from a 2011 conflict in Libya. “As the U.S.-backed war in Libya
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