Aids : A Relatively New Disease

1743 Words Dec 6th, 2014 7 Pages
AIDS in South Africa AIDS is a relatively new disease that emerged in the 20th century. It has spread to all parts of the world and claims millions of lives each year. One of the countries that has been impacted the most is South Africa. There are 6.1 million people living with HIV and around 370 000 new cases a year, according to the UNAIDS "Global report" from 2013. Though major cities like Jonesburg are vastly developed, much of the country still remains rural, which aids in the spread of the disease. The country has the largest retroviral program in the world but 240 000 people are dying of AIDS related disease each year1. Understanding the social construction and causation of the disease is vital for devising a plan to help combat the spread of HIV in South Africa. The virus has no regards of social status or race. Usually the ones who suffer the most are the poor and the minorities. The poor living conditions, lack of sanitation , sexual habits of the population and the ineffective government efforts up to 1994 exacerbated the problem. Curbing the spread of HIV has been a major goal since its emergence of the disease in 1981 in the sub Saharan Africa (http://www.unaids.org) . There are two viral strains that cause Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans, human immunodeficiency viruses types 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2). They have both resulted from the multiple cross species transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus that infects primates…

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