Aids : A Serious Disease

2734 Words Apr 8th, 2015 11 Pages
What virus could infect almost 30 million people and kill over seventeen million more (Bage 3)? AIDS is one of the most deadly diseases in today’s society. It is estimated that 25-30 million people are living with AIDS in Africa alone (Nolen 16). There are millions of men, women, and children whose lives have been dramatically altered by the existence of AIDS, and it is not just those who have the disease themselves. An estimated eleven million children have been orphaned as a result of AIDS, and there is almost nothing they can do to make their lives better once their guardians are gone (Bage par 3). AIDS first made its debut in the 1970’s and has been a growing problem ever since (Nolen 7). AIDS is an extraordinarily serious disease and scientists have failed, thus far, to find a cure. AIDS, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, develops from the human immunodeficiency virus, HIV (“What is AIDS” par 3). HIV is not the same thing as AIDS; HIV merely turns in to AIDS after a certain amount of time (“What is AIDS” par 4). HIV is also not a curable disease. HIV is a special type of pathogen, known as a retrovirus. This virus has to attach to a host cell in order to live and spread. What makes AIDS so deadly is that it targets the body’s lymphocytes, the cells that normally fight off infection (Nolen 4). Lymphocytes have CCR5 and CD4 molecules on their surface, when HIV enters the body, it attaches itself to these molecules. (Nolen 4). Once the virus has attached to the…
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