Aims of the Participants and the Peacemakers : Wilson and the 14 Points

2334 Words Nov 11th, 2011 10 Pages
11th Grade IB DP History (SL) | Research Paper | Aims of the participants and the peacemakers : Wilson and the 14 points. | Word Count: 1495 |

I. Introduction

On January 8, 1918, during the Joint Session of the American Congress, Thomas Woodrow Wilson, announced his Fourteen Points to try to ensure permanent peace, bring a speedy end to the World War I (WWI) avoid another cataclysmic conflict as such.[1A]
The other allied powers tacitly and cautiously accepted Wilson’s plan as a template for the postwar treaty. It was on the back of the Fourteen Points that Germany and her allies agreed to an armistice in November 1918.
However, due to specific aims of numerous nations in post-war period, the terms of Treaty of Versailles, that were
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C. The Measures Incorporated

The principle behind the formation of his Fourteen points was to ensure that the conditions that gave rise to WWI and the conflict in Europe wouldn’t happen again. Thus, the Points included measures such as the elimination of secret alliances, reduction of armaments in various nations, clarification of the national borers based on self-determination and the formation of an international forum which could ensure solving conflicts in a peaceful, non-aggressive, just and transparent way. Wilson also made proposals that would ensure world peace in the future, such as freedom of seas, removal of economic barriers between nations and the promise of ‘self-determination’ for those oppresses minorities and a world organization that would provide a system of collective security for all nations. [Ap. 1]

It was on the back of the Points that the Germans and its allies agreed to sign the Armistice in November 1918.

IV. The Paris Peace Conference
Commenced on January 18th 1919, it was the meeting of the victorious allied powers after the signing of the Armistices and declaration of the end of WW1. It involved diplomats of more than 28 countries; however the most dominant in the conference were the British, the French, the Italians and the Americans, dubbed the “Big Four”. The
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