Air Pollution and the Effects on Ukraine

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Ukraine is distinct for being home to some of the richest natural environments and resources in Europe while at the same time being one of the most heavily polluted countries in the region. Ukraine is one of the least energy efficient countries in the world (Bank, 2007). World Bank (2007) composed an inventory in 1998, and estimated that total emissions from Ukraine were 246 million tons of CO2, and in 2002 the total emissions were 487.7 million tons of carbon equivalents. Ukraine has a severely high level of air pollution. This pollution is caused by emissions from road traffic, industries, and the energy sector. In 2005, over 200 cities in Ukraine exceeded the levels established by the World Bank health standards for annual…show more content…
In 2006, almost half of Ukraines energy consumption came from natural gas (Bank, 2007). In 2007, Ukraine produced 0.67 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) and consumed 3.1 Tcf of natural gas, making it the former Soviet Union's largest natural gas net importer (Bank, 2007). Ukraine is the sixth-largest consumer of gas in the world and consumes more gas than Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia combined. Since the early 1990s, Ukraines usage of natural gas as a share of its total energy consumption has increased by 10 percent to comprise for almost half of Ukraines energy usage (Strukova, 2007). Thermal electric power stations, which would include the burning of oil, natural gas, coal, emits nearly 50% of the total pollution caused by stationary sources. Almost 70% of the electrical power is obtained by burning fossil fuel at thermal power stations (Strukova, 2007). This pollution results from the use of outdated technology and the total absence of facilities for the recovery of sulphur and nitrogen oxides (Brody, 2007). Ukraines energy sector contributes about 78% of total domestic emissions of greenhouse gasses for the eastern Mediterranean region (Bank, 2007).

However, the Ukraines government is attempting to reduce the amount of emissions being released. They recently accepted the UNs help with a environmental programme enforcing the limitation of

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