About Air Canada Air Canada is Canada's largest full-service airline and the largest provider of scheduled passenger services in the Canadian market, the Canada-U.S. transborder market and in the international market to and from Canada. Together with its Air Canada Express regional partners, Air Canada serves close to 35 million passengers
The threat of new entry is high because there are no significant barriers of entry in the airline industry. For example, airplanes can be easily leased, defraying the large initial capital investment. Additionally, exit cost in the business is
Industry Analysis The following analysis discusses the suppliers, buyers, industry competition, threats to entry, and substitutes that exist within the large commercial aircraft industry. Additionally, the analysis identifies the pressure that each of these groups applies on the industry and estimates the impact this pressure has on potential industry profits. Each group is identified using a high, medium, or low-pressure classification. A high-pressure classification indicates the group reduces industry profit potential and vice versa.
I. Background Of Airlines Industry Airlines Industry is large and growing, it is also the most fiercely competitive sector. It facilitates international trade, world economy growth, tourism and international investment. The airline industry has over time with the use of modern technology been able to take advantage of the short haul, high frequency and gained a competitive advantage over other forms of travel, such as buses and railroad travel. Additionally, the airline industry still holds the market for global travel at a low cost and convenient way to travel. The aviation industry gives a good contribution to the GDP which includes the following: airline services, general aviation, civil airport operations, aircraft manufacturing, and
Supplier Power The primary inputs to the airline industry include airplanes, labor and fuel. There are only two major manufacturers (three at the time of the case – Boeing, Airbus and McDonnell Douglas) for large commercial aircraft. This, along with the relationship specific
2) Bargaining power of buyers Buyers are usually customers and customers if powerful have the ability to reduce prices, ask for high quality products and services. In the Indian airline industry, the bargaining power of buyers is high and is increasing as there are lots of airlines to choose from and there are hardly any switching costs. Moreover, there are lots of travel agents and customers can now buy ticket online from even intermediaries. Therefore, they do not really have to stick to one airline and this increases the power of the customers.
• Intensity of Competitor rivalry - High o Rivalry among low cost carrier industry is very high. Due to this, it is difficult to acquire high profit through market share dominance. With high ﬁxed costs, airlines often sell unsold seats cheaply or provide free upgrades which can lead to price wars. (Hubbard, 2004). Growth in a mature industry with low growth potential can only be achieved through diversification or at the expense of the competitor. (Duritz,
The Airline industry has experienced continual problems with rising costs with both fuel and maintenance which has caused them to increase their fees to the consumers to pay for those rising costs. This paper will help explain what an airline such as Delta does to help alleviate such costs without forcing its consumers to flip the bill through high fees that consist of tickets, baggage fees and food. The costs of doing business in aviation today have spiraled out of control making it very expensive for both airlines and the
2. Power of Suppliers The probability of power of suppliers would be low-medium risk. The bargaining powers of suppliers are low due to the limited numbers in the industry. This gives Boeing a high degree of control over the suppliers. Since Boeing started as an engineering company, they provide suppliers with unique features to decorate the crafts and supply parts. But if Boeing needed certain parts from their suppliers, their bargaining power can decrease. Boeing can also lose more bargaining power if government created new laws on making planes more eco-friendly. This would cause Boeing to purchase new parts just to follow the new rules and regulation.
The airline industry is interpreted as being very unstable due to the immediate reaction to tragedies. The airline industry was affected following the September 11th tragedy and it affected other industries indirectly. The airline industry plays a key role in
Government monitors the airline industry more scrupulously as a result 60% of airline industry is unionized Heightened sense of consumer information privacy Airport slot/gate allocations Security considerations since 2001 attacks Suppliers generally have a moderate to high bargaining power within the industry due to the limited number of suppliers which forces aviation companies to choose from the number available and accordingly to accept their prices. In fact, fuel is the second highest cost for aviation companies. There are highly depended on supplier’s prices and the availability which indicates on a relatively high bargaining power of suppliers. In addition, there are high switching costs which are strongly in favor of the suppliers and means that the company experiences an increase in operating costs when switching to another supplier as flying another type of aircraft leads to additional costs (maintenance, training etc.).Aircrafts are vulnerable to delays due to the location of gate locations which leads to a decrease in utilization and therefore to an increase in costs.
Particularly when new entrants are diversifying from other markets, they can leverage existing capabilities and cash flows to shake up competition like Apple did when it entered the music distribution business. The threat of new entry therefore, puts a cap on the profit potential of an industry. The threat to Air Asia is relatively less as the capital required to enter the industry is quite high. However, potential new entrants from full service carriers with a surplus capital could be threats in the future and long-term.
According to my research the power of buyers is medium to increasing within the airline industry. Over the last few years, buyers have been presented more choices when choosing an airline carrier. The internet has created a structure of easier pricing information and allows the buyer to more easily compare pricing. Buyers can sometimes find pricing discrepancies on the exact flight due to less fragmented pricing information at the buyers fingertips. The internet and it’s ability to compare prices has also allowed the emergence of a few budget airlines to be profitable. Much of the bargaining power of the power can still depend on where the flier is traveling. The “hub” system, mentioned earlier still allows the larger airlines to dominate certain cities and creates an environment of higher prices in that market. For example, a flight from Nashville to Santo Domingo, DR presents the flier with very low bargaining power. Unless the flier wants to fly through NYC or Newark, NJ, he/she must fly American Airlines via Miami. The price for this flight is typically very high due to no other airlines
The risk of entry by potential competitors It may be lower risk in in the aviation markets because of entry regulations that a high level of governmental barriers to open the freedom of flights, also the industry needs high fixed costs and assets of airline operation, but based on the increasing demand of travelers by air, it's given the high intensity of rivalry.
One of the world’s most competitive and prominent industries is the airlines industry. It generates huge amounts of income as well as employment each year. Some of the common names in US air travel service providers are Alaska, Northwest, Southwest, US airways, American etc.