Akbar and Aurangzeb's Policies

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During the early modern period in South Asia, diverse communities interacted and clashed. This also meant that rulers and their policies also clashed one another. The two greatest leader of the Mughal Empire, Akbar and Aurangzeb’s policies went back and forth. Whereas Akbar had to take over the throne at an early age of thirteen, Aurangzeb had to fight and go against his own family members to gain the throne. Akbar began his leadership at a young age that he was never able to learn how to read or write and remained illiterate throughout life. Even though his grandfather and father were well educated, Akbar had great intellectual capacity that helped him rule the empire. During his first year of his reign, Akbar was faced with a …show more content…
After that, he was able to get all the land measured and instruct the district revenue officers to compile all data on crops, prices, and revenue collections for a period of ten years (Kulke, Rothermund 145). Akbar then adopted a system of hierarchical classifications (mansab) of all military and civil officers (Kulke, Rothermund 145). This classification took account of the salary scale as well as the size of the cavalry contingents, which the officer had to maintain in keeping with his rank (Kulke, Rothermund 145). This was know as jagir, the system of ranking and the amount of revenue awarded and the number of cavalry one had. He was able to strengthen his central administration, centralized his financial system and reorganized the tax-collection processes (Akbar (Mughal Emperor) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia). Every time Akbar came up with new ideas for the empire, his more orthodox Muslim contemporaries criticized his ideas whereas his Hindu subjects understood his notions much better. His ideas, which lead to syncretizing the Hindus and Muslims, obviously were not taken in a positive direction. Therefore, Akbar then decided to create his own religion, “the religion of God” known as din-i-illahi. This meant that Akbar was greater and that people should worship him. This obviously failed very quickly because a person can’t

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