Al Mawardi is a Muslim philosopher born in Basrah in 972 C.E. He has based his Islamic political theory around his theory of Imamate. According to him Imamate should be the base on which the rules and regulations of a society depend. His theory of Imamate is presented within the boundaries of Shariah as he was a Muslim philosopher. He believes that the main aim of an institution should be to follow the right path, shown to us by Shariah, and to grow stronger the political bonds. In his works Al Mawardi has used the words “Imam” “Caliph” and “Imamate” “Caliphate” interchangeably.
2) Theory of Imamate
a) His concepts of Imamate represent the following main features:
1) An Imamate should not have absolutism; rather it should represent an Islamic democracy.
2) Al Mawardi believes that the mission…show more content… 2) The leader violates human rights
3) The leader becomes unjust or if he does not take any action of the injustice happening in his realm
4) Un-Islamic acts are adopted by the leader
The leader agrees to terms with the enemies of Islam which are dangerous for the Islam
Although Al Mawardi has explained the conditions when the Imam should be deposed off his office but he has not mentioned the way an Imam is to be deposed.
5) Al Mawardi’s theory of departments in the government
Al Mawardi states that to run a government efficiently, there must be branches present within a government to overlook the efficiency of it. The departments he has mentioned are:
3) Departments (like defense and finance)
5) Commander in chief
Al Mawardi considered Imamate as a vital part of the Islamic politics and hence he wrote about how to conduct Imamate in a lot of detail. Apart from his Imamate theory he also talks about other factors like departments in the government to run an Islamic state smoothly and with as little disruption as