Al Qaeda Of The Arabian Peninsula

1336 WordsDec 17, 20146 Pages
Running Head: Napier Final Paper Final Paper: Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Adam Napier COMM 3597.02: Media and Terrorism MWF 1:50 – 2:45 Emily Davidson Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is a branch of the Islamic organization known as al Qaeda. The AQAP is based in Yemen and was formed in 2009 after an announcement that Yemeni and Saudi terrorists were unifying under a common banner (National Counterterrorism Center [NCTC], 2014). The AQAP is now considered the most active and dangerous branch of al Qaeda (Masters, 2014). Yemen has a history of Jihadist activity dating back to the late 1990s when veterans of the Soviet-Afghanistan war returned home. When the Soviet Union fell, the jihadist believed that…show more content…
As stated by al-Qaeda, the enemies of Islam include Heretics, Shiites, America, and Israel (Wright, 2006). Al Qaeda’s and AQAP’s religious and mystic beliefs aid the group because “whenever we respond with violence of any kind, we assist the terrorists in mobilizing the recruits” (Stern, 2003, p. 289). AQAP aligns with the DNA of symbolic terrorism because the group is the closest version to Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda, which is built around a sense of Denial of their identity and by a perceived threat to the Islamic world, Negation of the West and its ideas, and Affirmation through an identity that provides a model of heroic action (Rowland & Theye, 2008). The AQAP is responsible for a number of high profile attacks which include attacks against US assets in the Arabian Peninsula. The first attack that AQAP claimed was the bombing of USS Cole in 2000 which killed 17 US sailors. The group was also linked to the attack in September of 2008 against the US embassy in Sana’a in which militants fired rockets and detonated bombs that killed 10 Yemeni guards and 4 civilians (“Profile,” 2012). In 2009, AQAP launched its first attack outside of Yemen. The target was Prince Mohammed bin Nayef of Saudi Arabia, however, the attack failed (Profile, 2012). AQAP has also claimed involvement in the 2009 Christmas Day bombing attempt where Umar Farouk
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