Albania: the Development of a Developing Country

2544 Words Apr 16th, 2005 11 Pages
Albania: The Development of a Developing Country
Albania, a small country located in Southeastern Europe, is a nation that does not have a true identity – its people are Muslim and Christian, it is a country that is both and poor, it is as much urban as it is rural, and has evolved from monarchy to socialism and now to fledgling democracy. In other words, Albania and its people have seen it all. The extremes of Albanian society are vivid, and underlying tensions are evident. But Albania is not "another Yugoslavia" – there is no doubt that the internal environment of Albania has been and somewhat continues to be tense, although the breaking point has never been fully reached. Albania is a country with a fervently tense past (especially
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It brought this country overwhelming disasters and poverty. Albania's economy "changed drastically in the early 1990s, as the government moved from a Communist system to a more democratic organization" ("Real Adventures – Albania" 2). Albania emerged from the Communist era as the poorest country in Europe. For the first time Albanians were granted the right to foreign travel. The country still relied on tens of thousands of Albanians who work in Greece, Italy, and Germany and send money home to support their families. Throughout 1990 thousands of Albanian citizens tried to flee the country through Western embassies. A multinational relief operation "arranged for safe evacuation of more than 5000 Albanians, and 20,000 more sailed illegally to Italy in vessels seized at civilian ports" (Clunies 54). From 1944 to 1991 Albania's government was under the complete control of the
Communist Party, with strong influence of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or U.S.S.R. Power was consolidated in one man, Enver Hoxha, who ruled Albania with an iron fist and stifled any dissent, much like Lenin and Stalin. After Hoxha's death in 1985, Albania began to emerge from its isolation. As Communist rule in Eastern Europe collapsed in 1989, some Albanians demanded extensive reforms. In 1990 the government endorsed the creation of independent political parties. Albanian citizens had few of the guarantees of human