Albert Ellis 's Theory Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Albert Ellis
Albert Ellis was one of the most influential psychotherapists in the establishment of cognitive behavioral therapy because he founded Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT). Ellis was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1913. He had low emotional attachment with his parents because his parents being emotionally distant from him and his siblings. He took great responsibility in raising his two younger siblings. He graduated in 1934 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Business. After graduating from college, he started a business and attempted to be a writer, but those efforts did not bring him successfulness. Then, he decided to involve in the field of clinical psychology by enrolling in PhD degree in 1942 and obtained the degree in 1947. Before he completed his PhD degree, he published several articles that criticized personality tests. He studied various psychological theories and he was inspired by Sigmund Freud’s works, which caused him to further his knowledge by studying and practicing psychoanalysis. As he was further studying psychoanalysis, he questioned the effectiveness of psychoanalysis and decided to develop a more directive psychotherapy. In the late 40s and 50s, he developed Rational Therapy (RT) and changed the name to REBT later. His idea was not widely acceptable during that time, but that did not stop him from establishing “The Institute for Rational Living” in 1959. In the 60s, Ellis worked with many religious practitioners to increase the
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