Alcohol And Drugs And Their Effects On First Year Students

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Alcohol and Drugs and their Effects on First-Year Students Alcohol has been a part of human society for millennia. It can be found in churches, gas stations, supermarkets, and nearly everywhere else. Drugs are becoming more ubiquitous as well, with the legalization of cannabis now active in some form in 25 states (Maciag “State”). However, no single place is more saturated with alcohol and drugs than the college campus. Despite the troves of research that have been done to give evidence that they are harmful, there is still an overwhelming voice against control of these substances. First-year students are hit the hardest by this influence, being freshly exposed to the freedom of moving away from parents. It is this freshness, combined with the vast availability and marketing of alcohol, that causes college freshmen to be extremely susceptible to its effects. Despite how drugs and alcohol are romanticized in the media and easily available to college students, these substances have a negative effect on sleep habits, attendance, grades, athletic performance, extracurricular participation, and ultimately academic retention, especially among first-year students. Furthermore, the causes and effects of substance use are closely and cyclically related to social pressures brought on by college and its surrounding culture, making a sort of vicious cycle of stress and substance use in many cases. Per a 2016 study, the average first-year drinker reported drinking on 33% of days
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