Alcohol Dependence Syndrome Threatens And Affects The Individual, Family Life And Society

769 WordsOct 18, 20154 Pages
Alcohol dependence syndrome threatens and affects the individual, family life and society in numerous, adverse ways. It is characterized by the physical desire to consume alcohol beyond the capacity of control and is considered a chronic disease. Alcoholism is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2015), despite all the focus on illegal drugs of abuse such as cocaine, alcohol remains the number one drug problem in the United States. Nearly 17 million adults in the U.S. are dependent on alcohol or have other alcohol-related problems, and about 88,000 people die from preventable alcohol-related causes. For many, alcoholism can be held in remission indefinitely if certain steps are taken, but may be a long term condition with recurrent cycles of relapse and recovery, never completely cured. Background Advancements in neurobiological research have changed the way we view addiction. Alcoholism arises from combined effects of multiple biological factors including genetic and non-genetic causes with gene/environmental interaction. These biomarkers reflect complex overlapping and competing effects of possibly hundreds of genes which impact brain structure, function, biochemical alcohol processing, sensitivity and risk for dependence (Butler et. al., 2015). The idea that alcoholism is a genetic disease remains a controversial topic in medicine and science. While some believe it is caused by

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