Alcohol Essay

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Because teenagers have not built up much physical tolerance, they are more vulnerable to the effects of alcohol. As people grow, different parts of the brain develop at different rates, depending on whether they are male or female. The pre-frontal cortex houses the part of the brain that controls rational thinking. This does not mature until the age of 19 and will fully mature around the age of 21 in women and 28 in men. Damage to this part of the brain during the time it is being developed causes long term effects including memory, personality and behaviour (Young People and Alcohol, 2007-2011). The short term effects of alcohol include poor concentration, slow reflexes, slow reaction time, reduced co-ordination, slower brain activity and perceptions and sensations become less clear (Administrative Office of the Courts, 2014). These effects are dangerous for any teen, because while being intoxicated, they are more likely in to indulge in risky behaviours such as swimming, driving, unsafe or unwanted sex and verbal or physical abuse (Drughouse Clearinghouse 2002). Alcohol harms your co-ordination, reflexes and your judgment, it is linked with an estimated 5,000 deaths in people under the age of 21 each year; more than all illegal drugs combined (The Cool Spot, 2014). According to the NIAAA Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for people between the ages of 15-20. Fatal crashes involving alcohol are twice as common in young
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