Alcohol Use Disorder Is An International And National Problem

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Alcohol Use Disorder is an international and national problem. It is critical to address Alcohol Use Disorder because of its comorbidity status with other such addictions as well as the social harm it causes on an individual and societal level.
This essay looks into the development and maintenance of Alcohol Use Disorder in relation to the Biopsychosocial model. The model focuses on three main concepts, biological, psychological and social factors that affect the addictive behaviours. In particular, genetics, trauma and environmental pressures will be used as examples to illustrate the uptake and maintenance of Alcohol Us Disorder. The theory and the addictive behaviour will be applied to the youth community to explain the model’s
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As of 2015, New Zealand (NZ) consumes 8.7 litres of alcohol per person per year. In comparison, to other countries, New Zeeland is above Canada, Norway, The Netherlands and Sweden, but ranks less than the United States of America (, n.d.; Ministry of Health, 2009; Ministry of Health 2013; Statistics New Zealand, 2017). In 2013, Alcohol-related harm in NZ was estimated to cost $5.3 billion per year, equivalent to $14.5 million each day. The individual physical and psychological harm from alcohol are reflected in mortality rates (1,000 per year), with it being disproportionally represented in Māori, equating to 8% of all deaths. Additionally, young people who preloaded were four times more likely to be involved in a fight or sexually assaulted than those who did not preload before town. The societal impact of alcohol is exemplified for drunk drivers in which for every 100 alcohol-related driver crashes, 54 of the passengers and 42 sober road users die as well. Further, it’s estimated that up to 30% of suicides are attributable to alcohol (Alcohol Healthwatch, 2009). Presently, there is no current statistics on AUD in New Zealanders.

The biopsychosocial (BPS) model examines the interaction between biological, psychological, and social factors that affect an individual’s behaviour and attempts to explain the reasoning behind its development. The model was proposed by Engel in 1977, as an extension to the biomedical model. He argued that social and
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