Alcoholism : A Common Co Occurring Disorder

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Alcoholism Alcohol is the most commonly abused drug in the United States. Alcohol abuse is defined as a pattern of drinking that results in failure to fulfill responsibilities at work, school, or home; drinking in dangerous situations; having recurring alcohol-related legal problems; and continued use despite having medical, social, family, or interpersonal problems caused by or worsened by drinking (APA, 1994). Approximately fourteen percent of people experience alcohol dependence at some point during their lives (Kessler et al., 1997). Alcohol dependence refers to a more serious kind of alcohol use disorder and involves three or more of the following: tolerance, withdrawal, drinking more over a longer period of time, inability to cut down or stop, spending a great deal of time drinking, and giving up important social, recreational or occupational activities (Cunha, 2014). Co-occurring Disorder Bipolar disorder and alcoholism is a common co-occurring disorder. The combination of both of these diseases is dangerous. Many people with bipolar disorder use alcohol to treat their symptoms of bipolar. Alcohol and other drugs can have a negative effect on those suffering from bipolar disorders. It can trigger or prolong bipolar symptoms. It may increase the risk of mood swings, depression, and suicide. Bipolar disorder Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that is characterized by an extreme fluctuation in mood from a very joyful attitude to severe depression. It is a form of
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