Alcoholism Analysis

1434 Words6 Pages
Bridget Kelly

November 19, 2000

Research Paper

Elizabeth Antalek

One out of thirteen adults are considered to be an alcoholic or suffer from a drinking problem. Today, fourteen million Americans suffer from a disease that is caused by a combination of physiological, psychological, social, and genetic factors. Alcoholism is a developmental disease that progresses slowly over a number of years and is based on both the physical and emotional dependency on alcohol. In many cases it leads to brain damage and/or early death.

Early symptoms include putting excessive importance on the availability of alcohol, which influences a person's choice pastimes and friends. Alcoholics use alcohol more as a personality changing drug
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Recognizing that one has a problem is the first step in treatment. For most alcoholics, the next step is detoxification, which is the medical management of severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Patients undergoing detox (detoxification), which usually requires less than a week, usually stay in a specialized residential treatment facility or a special unit of a hospital.

Alcoholics also have the option of involving themselves in a treatment group, which may consist of individual counseling and group therapy. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is one of these support groups. "AA is a worldwide fellowhip of man and women who meet together to attain and maintain sobriety (AA webpage)." There are no requirements for joining AA, only the need to stop drinking. AA was started in 1935 when two men, Bill W. and Dr. Bob S. met in Akron, Ohio to help each other stay sober. Today, AA has grown to over 87,000 groups in more than 130 countries, with more than two million members. Their motto is to stay away from "one drink at a time, one day at a time."

A board of trustees, seven whom are not alcoholics and fourteen who AA members organize activities in the US and Canada and an international conference is held every five years.

AA uses the twelve step method in approaching sobriety:

Step 1 We admitted we were powerless over alcohol-that our lives had became unmanageable.

Step 2 Came to believe that a Power greater
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